[ProAudio] Microphones question
dan at lavryengineering.com
Fri Jun 11 18:24:13 PDT 2021
Yes of course the input noise has to be taken into account AFTER
amplification. So say a micpre has 120dBu noise (referenced to the
input), with say 60dB gain the noise is at 60dBu. That is easy to
measure and hear...
My point of interest was not about measuring microphones. But we have
dynamic, ribbon and condenser with phantom, and a wide range of
implementations in each category. So the use of one value resistor seems
to be arbitrary. I mentioned earlier that the input noise is made of
both noise voltage and noise current components. The noise current
(today's technology) will have low impact for 150 Ohms resistor. So why
is the resistor there? The answer is to give us a better idea of how the
micpre works with a mic instead of a short. And so we lump all mics into
a simple model. A 150 Ohm resistor.
I think we should remove that 150 Ohm resistor. The resistor noise is
-130.9dBu (room T). If future technology will enable a shorted input
micpre to reach 130dBu noise (referenced to input with acceptable gain),
the outcome with 150 Ohm is -127.4dBu. Further down the line,135dBu
noise (referenced to input) only improves the outcome to -129.5dBu.
I just wonder if there is some information about the real impedance of
real mics including different types relative to that 150 Ohm. It would
be good to have some better detail...
On 6/11/2021 1:32 PM, Crispin HT wrote:
> I'm not a mic expert, but in designing preamps over the years, we’ve found that the EIN of most mics sits around the -118 to -122dB mark.
> The relevance of this, is that you need to amplify a mic, and it's noise to use it. Often quiet mics have low outputs, so need to be amplified more, and the real test of a mic pre's EIN is not at 60dB gain, getting an EIN of better than -124dB at gains around the 20-40dB.
> Hope this helps.
> Kind Regards
> Crispin Herrod-Taylor
> Managing Director, Crookwood
> Tel: +44 (0)1672 811 649
> Mobile:+44(0)7910 637 634
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> -----Original Message-----
> From: ProAudio <proaudio-bounces at bach.pgm.com> On Behalf Of Dan Lavry via ProAudio
> Sent: 11 June 2021 20:44
> To: proaudio at bach.pgm.com
> Subject: Re: [ProAudio] Microphones question
> My question is about mic output impedance, in relation to noise:
> Both the mic and the micpre contribute to noise. The micpre generates some noise voltage which can be measured by replacing the mic with a short (0 Ohm). But there is also mipre generated noise current, which is no problem for 0 Ohm, but real mics have some impedance...
> At some point, it was decided to model a mic noise with replacing the mic with 150 Ohm resistor. I am not proposing to change it, just trying to understand why 150 Ohm.
> The value 150 Ohm makes 1.568nV/sqrtHz (at room temp), so for 20H-20KHz noise voltage of .225uV. Given that we are interested in noise power, we can use the dBu scale to realize that the resistor itself sets a limit on the noise floor at -130.9dBu. But say the impedance is 1K, then we have -122.8dBu.
> I assume that the resistor modeling is a simplification. I would be interested in comments from the mic experts here.
> Thank You
> Dan Lavry
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